Copyright is a legal term that means rights recognized creators of literary, artistic or scientific or other intellectual creative works.
Original works of intellectual creation in the literary, artistic or scientific, such as:
► literary and journalistic writings;
► computer programs;
► scientific works written or oral;
► musical compositions;
► dramatic, dramatic-musical;
► pantomime and choreographic works;
► photographic and cinematographic works;
► graphic or plastic art works and works of architecture;
► works, maps and drawings of topography, geography, science in general;
► derivative works based on one or more preexisting works.
(Article 7 – 8 of Law no. 8/1996 with subsequent amendments)
Not eligible for legal protection of copyright as follows:
► ideas, theories, concepts, scientific discoveries, procedures, methods of operation or mathematical concepts as such and inventions, contained in a work, whatever the manner of the adoption, writing, explanation or expression thereof;
► official texts of a political, legislative, administrative, judicial and official translations thereof;
► official symbols of status, public authorities and organizations such as armorial bearings, seals, flags, emblems, shields, badges and medals;
► means of payment;
► news and press information;
► simple facts and data.
(Article 9 of Law no. 8/1996 with subsequent amendments)
Related rights have evolved around the works protected by copyright, without prejudice to the rights of authors and provides protection for:
► performers for their performance;
► producers of sound recordings and audiovisual recordings producers for their records;
► broadcasters and television for their own broadcasts and program services.
(Article 94 of Law no. 8/1996 with subsequent amendments)
In the legal sense, the performers are actors, singers, musicians, dancers and other people present, sing, dance, recite, declaim, play, interpret, direct, conduct or perform in any way a literary or art, a show of any kind, including folklore, variety, circus or puppet.
(Article 95 of Law no. 8/1996 with subsequent amendments)
Collecting societies for copyright and related rights are legal entities constituted by free association, having as main activity the collection and distribution rights whose management is entrusted to them by the owners.
They are under the law, with the Romanian Copyright Office and operates under the regulations and non-profit associations according to Law no. 8/1996.
Collecting societies established in the law, with the Romanian Copyright Office, works only for one area distinct creative or just one distinct category of rights holders and manages the different categories of rights corresponding to the creation or category of owners of rights for which were set up.